‘Urban Life, The Untold Dimension of Happiness’

Urban Life, The Untold Dimension of Happiness, 2019 Festival of Creative Learning

We are indeed aware of spatial forces behind our actions, or for that matter, inactions. No one has ever doubted how doors enable us to move through walls, a possibility that a solid wall robs from us. In fact, we are so intrinsically adapted to architectural manipulations, no one shrinks from how decisive architecture can be, when a window not only guides our gaze but also the rays of sunlight. The list goes on beyond the simplicity of doors and windows. As Lefebvre elaborates in his celebrated The Production of Space, we are impacted by architecture at all levels, “Facades were harmonised to create perspectives,” and “Streets and squares were arranged in concord with the public buildings and palaces of political leaders and institutions.” Which in turn affects us “From family dwellings to monumental edifices, from ‘private’ areas to the territory as a whole.”[1]

The moment you leave your home, you enter into a dialogue with the urban fabric. Have you ever asked yourself how much your moods are influenced by the city? After all, doors and streets do privilege some activities over others[2], but to what extent do spatial features dictate our behaviour, or affect our emotions and moods? Can architecture make us happier? ‘Urban Life, The Untold Dimension of Happiness’, was a workshop that I led as part of the 2019 Festival of Creative Learning supported by The Unviversity of Edinburgh. By employing deep discussions, interactive debate and hands-on activities, the session aimed to change our relationship with the city, in a way that it becomes part of the narrative of happiness in our everyday lives.

To that end, we first verified to what extent our happiness is located in the urban environment and secondly, how much we are aware of the impact the built environment has on our happiness. The 21 participants of the workshop shared their insights into some of the spatial dynamics behind our activities, such as the interplay between nature and urban space, the density of the urban configuration and the skyline in view, the property usage or the extent to which all our senses are engaged with the environment, and so on and so forth. When you imagine a happy place, is it like the Bank area in London where you can walk for at least an hour in the shadow of skyscrapers without a chance for a peek at sun, where a traveller whose business meeting is running late shoves you carelessly; or is it Edinburgh’s Victoria street where you have the skyline in view, and the aroma of fresh baked bread from a close-by café drifting by in the breeze? Accordingly, our moods are influenced by a combination of all these urban factors that participants personally felt strongly about.

Since Shakespeare shared his legendary question, we have come a long way. People are living roughly 45 years longer on average than Shakespeare’s peers. With all the extra time on our hands, demands are high for a better quality of life. Now, it is not simply the matter of being anymore… to be happy, or not to be happy, is the question. Does the answer to that question have a spatial and architectural method to it? Well, trying to get connected to our emotions and navigate their origin in our surroundings, as we did in ‘Urban life, The Untold Dimension of Happiness’ workshop, certainly is a solid first step to being more mindful and a simple exercise that will eventually nudge us to find our happy place in the city. 


[1]Lefebvre, Henri, and Donald Nicholson-Smith.The production of space. (1991):47.

[2]Molotch, Harvey. The space of Lefebvre. (1993): 888.

To follow up these ideas in more detail see#FCL19‪  #UoE_FCL  #FCLUoE  #TheUniversityofEdinburgh

This piece originally appeared on the SGSSS March Newsletter and is reposted with permission. Feel free to check it out here: https://www.sgsss.ac.uk/news/urban-life-the-untold-dimension-of-happiness/

About the Author

Negar Ebrahimi is an architect and a skilled consultant in spatial analysis with a Master of Science focused on Spatial Design: Architecture and Cities from The Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL. Prior to her studies at the Bartlett, she co-founded an architecture firm with a demonstrated history of working in the architecture & planning industry. Negar is completing a PhD in Architecture at the University of Edinburgh. She is passionate about promoting people’s wellbeing through architecture and urban design and her current research interests focus on the correlation between happiness and spatial design. When she isn’t working, you’ll find Negar reading Persian Poetry. That doesn’t tell you much, right? You’ll find more on her LinkedIn pagehttps://www.linkedin.com/in/negar-ebrahimi/

Getting Started and Keeping Going

by Daphne Loads and Susan Greig

Getting Started and Keeping Going, 2019 Festival of Creative Learning

As part of the 2019 Festival of Creative Learning, Susan Greig (SFHEA CMALT) and Daphne Loads (SFHEA) offered a workshop for colleagues who are working towards Professional Accreditation. Colleagues in a range of roles at the University of Edinburgh (UoE) seek recognition from, for example: the Edinburgh Teaching Award (EDTA)Certified Membership of the Association for Learning Technology (CMALT) or the Chartership of the Library and Information Professionals association (CILIP).

We know from our experiences of supporting staff through CPD programmes that it can be tricky to get started and keep going with professional development activities. These require sustained effort over a period of months or years and this can be hard to maintain among all the competing priorities in your life and work. We wanted to offer the chance to meet UoE colleagues informally and to use art and creativity to explore what gets in the way and what helps us to get motivated.

Eight participants from different parts of the university got together in a room full of old magazines, glue sticks, pastels, pens, paper and random objects!

We used objects to focus on what continuing professional development (CPD) means to each of us, and to identify patterns in the ways we usually embark on new projects.  Starting conversations in this way was unusual for the participants and led to different perspectives and new insights. 

We then encouraged participants to make collages to represent experiences of getting stuck and/or keeping going.

  • We discussed how to manage our own development activities and support each other
  • We identified some of the helps and hindrances in our lives
  • We discussed experiences of working on professional development
  • We shared insights and tips
  • We acknowledged that motivation is different for everyone
  • We had fun, drank tea and enjoyed cake! 

Participants said: 

“The unfamiliar methods you used really did get to the crux of the issue quickly, and I appreciated that it challenged me a bit to go a bit further than I would normally have done in a ‘normal’ workshop style. I appreciate how your methods allow for the more personal to come through without it feeling too personal or oversharing. I felt in control, which is important for this kind of discussion.”

“Thanks for taking me out of my comfort zone and pushing me a bit further to try something new. I am converted!”

This event was organised and supported by the Institute for Academic Development and the Information Services Group.

Making creative narratives: International Women’s Day Sketchathon

by Francesca Vavotici

International Women’s Day Sketchathon at the 2019 Festival of Creative Learning

Archival collections and materials are incredibly important research and learning tools, yet they can often seem too precious and valuable to be consulted by and become an integral part of the wider university community. Items and papers that should be studied and cherished are frequently put aside into boxes, never to be looked at again by anyone other than archivists and ‘serious’ academics, who, through their years of toiling, are seen to have achieved a special status as protectors of archival knowledge.

The International Women’s Day Sketchathon event aimed at debunking the mythology surrounding the archives, by encouraging all attendees to actively engage with and learn from the materials at the Centre for Research Collections in a relaxed and creative environment.

Through a series of fast-paced and fun art challenges, carried out in a collaborative and interactive way, we were able to explore archival stories of Edinburgh women that, throughout the course of the centuries, have left their indelible mark on their communities and professions. While the various expert speakers introduced us to different areas of research and uncovered interesting and diverse narratives of female empowerment, we were all given the opportunity to test our creative skills, forge a supportive atmosphere, and foster human bonds through collaborative sketching.

As a group, we were encouraged to respond to different narratives and artworks by establishing creative and personal links, and using our imagination to produce original drawings and pictures to keep or gift as mementos of a surprising learning experience.

Utopian Dreaming: Part 2

Click here to read Utopian Dreaming: Part 1

In this post, we introduce each of our 9 Utopians and they share creative reflections on the experience of the EFI Utopia Lab pilot which took place at the Unviersity of Edinburgh on 3-5 June 2019.

Utopian Jane Alexander (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab 2019

Dr Jane Alexander, Deputy Programme Director, MSc in Creative Writing (Online) , The University of Edinburgh

Utopia Lab was a collaborative ‘no-space’, a time and a place for contemplation, inquiry and innovation. Across our individual disciplines, we talked and we listened; we sparked off each other, generating light – and a little bit of heat, too.

Cal Newport (Deep Work, New York: Grand Central Publishing, 2016) has described how innovation tends to emerge not from interdisciplinary collaboration alone, but from a combination of collaboration and solitary work. He proposes a model he calls hub-and-spoke, based on the architecture of Building 20 at MIT, which in the aftermath of WWII served as an incubator for innovative research in part because its occupants – from many different disciplines, working on diverse projects – would frequently encounter each other in the intersecting corridors as they moved to and from their individual workspaces. It’s this combination of hub (the opportunity to exchange ideas and discuss problems with others) and spoke (the ability to retreat to a quiet, solitary workspace to pursue what Newport describes as ‘deep work’) that can enable new ideas and creative breakthroughs.  

Utopia Lab, then, was the hub. Now we participants have retreated to our individual spokes to process the experience, what will emerge? For me, there will be stories. Perhaps there’s a story about a cardboard robot named Kate, and the encounter of human and diagnostic machine, the promise of self-perfection. Or there may be a story in the overlapping questions our visitors asked of the future, and how the future might reply, or in a game of cards that helps us invent our future. Each of these is a seed planted in the back of my mind, waiting – in quiet and solitude – to germinate.

Hub, and spoke. But there was a moment, at the end of the second day… One of us starts to write on the whiteboard wall: a word, a question. Sulaïman adds a drawing: a figure reclining, or falling, or perhaps it’s giving birth… Gradually, other people join in. Words and phrases become generative stems, twining and blooming. There are not enough whiteboard markers to go round, so we share, passing the pens from hand to hand without the need for speech. Our conversations develop in colour, in erasable ink: black challenges blue, red responds to green. We move in close, then step back, the way you might view a painting in a gallery; we navigate from side to side, then crouch or stand on chairs to stretch the map of our thinking down to the floor, up towards the ceiling. We are writing – drawing – to see what we think. To understand how our thoughts might mesh, merge, diverge. After two days of talk, it’s welcome, this voiceless way of working together. It’s an improvisation, a dance without music. It’s hub and it’s spoke. It’s beyond the binaries, and as close as anyone might come to collective thought. To a shared mind.

(c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab 2019
Utopian Dima Boettcher (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab 2019

BSc Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, 2017-2021, The University of Edinburgh

Dima created a piece entitled, ‘How many questions make utopia?’ It was a programme which allowed audience members to type a question into a computer, which then fed those questions onto a beautiful, colour-morphing large scale projection which accumulated over the course of the evening. These are the questions that were entered:

Where are we?,How are you doing?,How do we change our existing structures without losing ourselves?,What would Utopia like to ask me?,r u real?,What did you always hope would come true in your life?,Do you always live in the future?,What can you see?,What role does nature play in Utopia?, Who will be in 40 years?,What should I ask you?,Is Utopia is the second name of Mother Nature?,?????????,When will we arrive?,Why?,how do we sense enough?,Does Utopia have rules?,Tackling the Ecological and Climate Emergency is a huge challenge for those of us who yearn for Utopia.  Discuss,Who is welcome in “the” future ? Do we have space for future(s)?,does it matter?,Thank you,Is utopia method or place ? ,Can you appreciate Utopia without a Dystopia?,00101110111011?,Isn’t it all OK?,How many questions are enough?,Why do we need to be healed?,Can you take me to Utopia?,Are we there yet?,Is Utopia singular or plural?,What is the future of listening,Why not?,Does Utopia have regrets?,What’s the weather like in Utopia?,SOLARPUNK???,What is not utopian about this place?,What language is spoken in Utopia?,What even is utopia?,What would you like to ask Utopia?,How are you?,What should I do with myself in Utopia?,How much wine makes a Utopia?,Don’t we all just want a cup of tea?,Safe is not talking?,How old is Utopia?,When?,Whats ur number ,How old r u ? ,asl?,In utopia… could I be a child forever???,How can we make this last longer?,Is utopia / does utopia (exist) in time ?,Do you pay the rent??,Have you cleaned your room?,But how is K.A.T.E. doing?,Does hope exist in utopia?,Do we care about hope in Utopia?,Does the past matter in Utopia?,What is the future of Utopia?,What is freedom in utopia?,Who isn’t there?,Are we travelling?,Is healing travelling?,Dystopian literature in utopia?,Do people stop to smell the flowers in Utopia?,Will be still human/e,How do we imagine a future that exists beyond the Frame of social reproduction?,pic 4 pic?

(c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab 2019

Utopian Claudia Libb (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab 2019

BSc Cognitive Science, 2015-2019, The University of Edinburgh

Claudia created this utopia comic with fellow Utopian, Vaida Plankyte.

She also shared this comic with us, called ‘existential crisis more likely than you think’. I suspect it is one of the many incredible creations in the journal that she keeps for recording thoughts, images, ideas and much more.

Utopian Sulaïman Majali (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab 2019

Sulaïman Majali is an artist and writer, currently a resident at Talbot Rice Gallery as part of the Freelands Artist Program. Their past work includes assembly of the poets, a reading as part of EARTH HOLD, Qalandiya International/Serpentine Galleries; this scattering of minds like seeds, Kunsthalle Exnergasse Vienna/Transmission Gallery Glasgow; as if we were strangers, CCA Glasgow and Towards an Archive (Conversation B) at the 8th Cairo Video Arts Festival. They gifted this poem love letter to an incarcerated future as part of the Utopia Lab.

Utopian Riel Miller (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab 2019

Riel Miller is the Head of Futures Literacy at UNESCO. He edited this book about improving futures literacy: Transforming the Future. He also shared these intriguing links with us:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SBGuWa3MmLE&feature=youtu.be – a short Futures Literacy video

https://youtu.be/95EEEvhmWwU – Bayo Akomolafe speech, also his book : The Wilds Beyond our Fences

Transforming the Future: Anticipation in the 21st Century – YouTube

Utopian Fleur Nash (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab 2019

MSc in Environment & Development, The University of Edinburgh

Fleur wants to share this poem as a reflection of her experience of the Utopia Lab.

Utopian Gabriele Negro (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab 2019

BSc (Hons) Ecological & Environmental Sciences, 2015-2019, The University of Edinburgh

Gabriele shared this film with us as part of the first day of the Utopia Lab.

‘For the course Geosciences Outreach & Engagement, I produced, filmed, and edited the following video for the Widening Participation programme: http:// www.teaching-matters-blog.ed.ac.uk/kids-like-me-a-widening-participation-videoto-encourage-equal-access-to-science-studies/

Utopian Vaida Plankyte (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab 2019

Artificial Intelligence and Computer Science, 2015-2019, The University of Edinburgh

Vaida created this utopia comic with fellow Utopian, Claudia Libbi.

Utopian Matjaz Vidmar (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab 2019

Postgraduate Research Student (PhD), Science Technology and Innovation Studies, School of Social and Political Science, The University of Edinburgh

Matjaz, or Mat as we call him in Utopia, created this image to capture his vision of utopia.

Utopia Facilitator Jennifer Williams (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab 2019

Jennifer dreamed up the Utopia Project and was over the moon to have the opportunity to design and facilitate this first Utopia Lab, which was even more amazing than she ever hoped it could be. She wrote this poem and shared it during one of the meditation sessions in Utopia.

The EFI Utopia Lab 2019 pilot was an experiment, and a joint creation of the Edinburgh Futures Institute and the Festival of Creative Learning at the Institute for Academic Development. Hopefully the project will continue, and we will be able to further explore and develop these concepts and models. If you are interested in what we did and have your own questions, or want to get involved, please email j.l.williams@ed.ac.uk.

Click here to read Utopian Dreaming: Part 1

Utopian Dreaming: Part 1

by Jennifer Williams

Click here to read Utopian Dreaming: Part 2

(c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

The Utopia Project began as the flicker of an idea over two years ago. I have often dreamed of running a residency centre for artists and writers, and when I took on my current role as Projects & Engagement Coordinator at the Institute for Academic Development at the University of Edinburgh, it seemed worthwhile to begin developing a project in which I could explore running interdisciplinary residencies from within the University.

Utopian Claudia Libbi (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

After sharing the idea with various colleagues, I was soon connected with the Edinburgh Futures Institute (EFI) which from the start has been interested in and supportive of the project. It was with extraordinary excitement and not inconsiderable trepidation that I looked forward to the very first incarnation of the Utopia Project; a pilot EFI Utopia Lab which took place 3-5 June 2019.

Utopian Matjaz Vidmar (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

When I was first designing the project, I needed a shimmering central idea to focus the residencies and I stumbled across ‘utopia’ in my research. What especially interested me was finding out that before Thomas More’s book Utopia was published in 1516, utopia meant something rather more open than the vision of a perfect society that we associate it with now.

(c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

“The word comes from Greek: οὐ (‘not’) and τόπος (‘place’) and means ‘no-place’ and strictly describes any non-existent society ‘described in considerable detail’.”[1]

It was this idea of a ‘no-place’ that we could travel to in our lab/space-time machine, in order to conduct collective thought experiments about possible actions in a variety of worlds, which really caught my imagination. Could we use this concept of utopia as a way to generate ideas which would be useful in our world and time?

(c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

The first Utopia Lab was an experiment to explore that question. I was committed to keeping the day-to-day framework as open as possible in order that the group could truly co-create its working method, and designed a structure that invited intimacy, communication and sharing from the start. We began and ended each day with yoga and meditation, and lunches were a time of communion and community. Almost the entire first day of the lab was given over to presentations from each of the 9 Utopians, as we came to call them… sharing themselves, their history, their practise and their views on the concept of utopia. This felt like a huge sacrifice of time but one that was so worth it in that we could move more quickly into much deeper realms of thought and communication because we had an intensive understanding of one another from the start. The Utopians came from wildly different disciplines and backgrounds, but this initial sharing broke down barriers and helped build linguistinc and imaginative bridges.

Utopian Sulaïman Majali (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

We also discussed the fact that utopia is a weighted word and concept itself – having been used for disturbing purposes in the past by fascists and other parties who were employing the seductive aspects of the word to achieve their own ends. Also that we, as a small and relatively privileged group of people in a university in Scotland might not be best placed for all sorts of reasons to make decisions about how to make the world a better place for everyone else… but we decided that should not stop us from thinking about what kind of world we hoped to live in and wished for others and for future generations.  

Utopian Fleur Nash (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

The nine participants were a mix of staff and students from within the University, with two externals. It is hoped that the Utopia Labs, should they continue, will always consist of a mix of staff and students, internals and externals to the University, as there is so much richness to be had from this diversity. Meet the Utopians and explore their reflections of the Utopia Lab experience here.

Utopian Dima Boettcher (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

One the second day, the group considered possible collaboration frameworks which could be used to guide their work together for the duration of the residency (design sprint, voting, individual or group work, etc). They were invited to present proposals and one of the participants, Riel Miller (Head of Futures Literacy, UNESCO), offered his Futures Literacy Lab Framework [2]– which he has developed and implemented in group settings around the world, as a way forward. The group decided to adopt this framework, but with a few caveats such as insisting that the process could be paused or adjusted as we went along if the group wanted to add in different elements. This happened very early on as another participant, Writer and UoE Deputy Programme Director, MSc in Creative Writing (Online), Jane Alexander, offered to run a creative writing exercise with the group in place of one of the early elements of the Futures Literacy Lab. This was accepted and worked very well and was a beautiful example of how the group was able to collectively co-create and adapt within a short period of time and using tried-and-tested models.

Utopian Riel Miller (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

Throughout the day the group explored the concept of utopia and futures thinking, and generated an enormous amount of fascinating material based on ‘visiting’ a future version of our current world, and then a future version of a ‘utopian’ world. Imaginatively exploring various concepts within these future worlds allowed the group to consider many possibilities including ideas around our own inability to effect positive change – for instance, because our attempts to improve the world now often have unseen and damaging consequences in the future. Rather than being disempowering, this was a remarkably humbling and creative realisation, and struck the group as potentially a much more useful starting point for thinking about our actions now than our typical one of having to be convinced of our own efficacy and rightness in order to effect change.

(c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

The group had also been asked to consider a ‘Utopia Question’ as a trigger for the thinking of the lab. This question was ‘How can technology help the world to heal?’. From early on, it was clear that the group was critical of this question in various ways, and a critical viewpoint was welcomed. We considered the idea that technology is a complicated word with many possible definitions (the printing press, the internet, mobile phones, spaceships) as is ‘healing’ – what are we healing? Who are we healing? Who are we to heal anyone or anything? All of these complex reflections were an important part of the thinking throughout the lab.

(c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

In the middle of the second day, the group travelled from Inspace where we had been working up until then to the uCreate Lab at the Library, where we received a tour of their amazing space and an induction to the use of their extensive equipment. This was a brilliant and eye-opening break in proceedings and certain elements of the final exhibition were created in this space.

Utopian Jane Alexander (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

By the third and final day, we both had a sense that time was flying by but also that we had opened up a different – no-space – time/place in which we could move and think without the usual pressures and stresses of our daily lives. The first half of the day was spent reviewing the process and thinking thus far and discussing possibilities for the showcase which would take place that evening. It was not until after lunch that we mobilised into the ‘making’ which would result in an exhibition of utopian objects and thinking for an audience of more than 60 people, who arrived at 5.30pm.

(c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

The work in the exhibition, considering the time constraints, was extraordinary – as well as the energy in the room. Here is a selection of photos from the event.

(c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

What did we learn? So much! This was a totally different way of working for most of us… more open, with much more emphasis on the process than on outcomes and results. Our sense of time changed, we seemed to have more time even though we had very little, and we often were reminded that we were embodied rather than merely the thoughts in our heads. We got to know each other in meaningful and intense ways, and we got to know more about ourselves. We discovered news ways of creating and communicating, of thinking together in a group, and that freed us up by the end of the workshop to create quickly and meaningfully, both individually and in small groups. We learned to ask more questions, to listen more and to be more at peace in places of insecurity and uncertainty.

Utopian Vaida Plankyte (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

Though it may have been useful to have more time to perfect the sharing and to develop presentations to make the work more explicit for the audience, there was something magical about how so many interesting objects and creations came into being in such a short space of time. So much of what we realised as a result of our thinking was that utopia is about what you can create within yourself, and that thinking about the future means accepting the humility of the ‘no-space’, a crossroads where nothing is assured and where, in a way, we are all completely powerless – where we are deliriously, deliciously falling while being held by nothing other than our own imaginations. The question ‘How can technology help the world to heal?’ was replaced with a desire to question everyone and to hear everyone’s questions… what is your vision of utopia? What is your question for the future? And it is in that true group, social, collective, global thinking that we might have a chance to really consider where we want to end up, tomorrow or… as it happens… today.

(c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

The EFI Utopia Lab 2019 pilot was an experiment, and a joint creation of the Edinburgh Futures Institute and the Festival of Creative Learning at the Institute for Academic Development. Hopefully the project will continue, and we will be able to further explore and develop these concepts and models. If you are interested in what we did and have your own questions, or want to get involved, please email j.l.williams@ed.ac.uk.

Utopian Gabriele Negro (c) Andrew Perry EFI Utopia Lab June 2019

Click here to explore Utopian Dreaming: Part 2

[1] Lyman Tower, Sargent (2005). Rüsen, Jörn; Fehr, Michael; Reiger, Thomas W. (eds.). The Necessity of Utopian Thinking: A Cross-National Perspective. Thinking Utopia: Steps Into Other Worlds (Report). New York: Berghahn Books. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-57181-440-1.

[2] https://en.unesco.org/themes/futures-literacy